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Futsal

Futsal is a variant of football players on a smaller field and mainly indoors. It can be considered a version of five-a-side football. Unlimited substitutions are permitted, unlike some other forms of indoor football or soccer. The game played on a hard court surface limited by lines (bounce walls or board are not used). Futsal is played beetween two teams of five players each, one whom is the goalkeeper. Futsal is also played with a smaller ball with less bounce than regular football, because of the surface the bounce could easily land out of the court.

Futsal is the only indoor game associated by FIFA. if skills development is important, futsal is recognized as clearly the best form of indoor soccer.
* Better skills development, the touch quality have to be fast and precise.
* It should be safer because of the hard ground and surrounding walls.
* Less expensive, quality soccer and skills are more affordable.

Organizations such as FIFA and UEFA agree that futsal is a brilliant sport to achieve the skills, exsplosiveness and fast movement that are required to succed in the outdoor football too. Every 4 years FIFA organizes the sucessful futsal World Cup. Legends such as Zidane, Cristiano Ronaldo, Fernando Torres, Zico, Ronaldinho, Pele and Messi all praise futsal for the skills they achieved and overall development.

EQUIPMENT

Futsal equipment is made up from a jersey or a shirt with sleeves, socks, shorts, shinguards made out of rubber or plastic and futsal shoes with good rubber soles. The goalkeeper can wear lond trousers and a different coloured kit to distinguish from others. Goalkeeper is allowed to wear elbow pads because of falling on the hard surface. Other items that can be dangerous to players are not allowed such as jewellery.

PLAYERS

Five players on the field on each team make futsal an interesting and fast game. The maximum number of substitutes is 9, with unlimited substitutions during the match. Players can substitute each other even when the ball is in play but that can be risky, you have to do it fast. At least three players have to be in the team. If not, the match is abandoned and counted as a loss fort he team with three players.

REFEREES

There can be three referees, who enforces the Laws in the Game, and the first referee in the only one who van legally abandon the match because of outside the field interference. The referee is assisted by a second referee who watches over the goal lines or assists the other referees. Om small matches or leagues there are two or even one referee, because there is no need of three.

COURT

The futsal court is made up of wood or artificial material or other similar surface. Nets are attached to the back of the goalposts and crossbar. In front of every goal is an area known as the penalty area.

DURATION

Standardly a match is divided by two equal periods of 20 minutes. More then five fouls allow a team to take a penalty against the team that commited those five fouls. Sometimes the game cannot end in a draw, away goals, extra time and penalties are the three methods for determining the winner.

HISTORY

It all started in 1930 when it was created a version of indoor football for recreation. Rules were made on examples of football rules. There were rules from other sports too, such as basketball, the number of players, handball about the court size and even water polo fort he goalkeeper rules.
The game spread fast and in conclusion FIFA wanted to promote and spread its own version of indoor football. Find more about history on the link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futsal

NAMING

Futsal comes from Spanish futbol sala, which can be translated as indoor football. After the Spanish championship in Madrid all other names have been officialy changed to futsal. In 1985 the word futsal was registered.

RULES

FIFA published its futsal rules. The laws define all aspects of the game, including what may be changed to suit local leagues.

FUTSAL AND BETTER TECHNIQUE?

Yea, a small field with lines that puts players constantly under pressure from the other team. Players should learn the skills to stop the ball rapidly and of course think fast and have the ball under control the whole time. The first touch is very important so you do not land in trouble as soon as possible but have some time if the touch is great to think and see the best way to pass or score. With futsal is all about control and technique. Without the skills required you cannot expect to be a good player. That is why teams train so much and know that the consistence and ball touch is as important as condition preparation. The important thing about futsal is that the player must put effort such as in dribbling the ball and passing it, you have teammates that can give you the perfect ball to score or you can be the one who passes the finish pass.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FUTSAL AND INDOOR SOCCER?

If we compare compare it to walled soccer or large indoor field soccer, where there can be more players in futsal is more important i think the first touch, because of the small field size and player agresiveness. A bad pass can lead to a goal fast. In walled soccer there is the kick and run trick but you can not use it in futsal because there are outlines and you have to pass the ball to a teammate. Proper technique and movement make it easyer to control the ball. If yor think you are competitive with ball skills, passes and even condition training you should try futsal. It is not the type of recreation older people do, you have to put effort and run as much time as possible to keep the other team players away from you.

I am not saying futsal is better than other indoor soccer or football sports but i think there is more effort put in perfect passes and movement. The wall bounce can not save a bad passes. No walls or pitch long enaugh to stop a long pass. And of course no wall to help you trick the defender. The patience and pace of the payers are very important, if you move correctly and keep the places filled it is harder for the opponent to pass the ball correctly. There are small goals so you should be as accurate as possible. The keaper can close the shot angle and it makes difficult for you to score a goal like on the big indoor pitch with bigger targets. The wall is there all the time so you dont even have to think too much, you just pass the ball in the wall and thats it. The importance of thinking and looking for your teammates on the small court makes futsal what it is.

To improve and raise the propper technique is important, so you should play futsal to do that. We can even mention that the wall can be dangerous for injuries. A little pin to the body against the board can lead to serious to serious problems and running with full speed against the board. Sure there are walls even in futsal centers, but they are moved from the lines a few metters.

IS FUTSAL FUN AS OTHER INDOOR SOCCER SPORTS

If you like any type of soccer i think you will like Futsal too. We can look at it even from a different perspective. It can be a variation of different sports, because of the movement it is similar to different indoor sports. Fast playing makes it even harder to think because you do not have as much time as on the bigger field. With the small field the game is faster and even better to watch.

IS IT FUTSAL SAFE?

It is as safe as it can be, the ground is hard and if you fall it is not a pleasure but for that, there are two referees that stop dangerous tackles and related injuries. The thing that makes the difference is, if you are exhausted you can change with your teammate and calm down and drink some water, if you are exhausted and push yourself to the limit such in other indoor or outdoor soccer sports the injury can hit faster. I can say it can be harsh time to time, if you dont have the right equipment such as shin guards and good futsal shoes and play against aggressive opponents you can get injured fast.

 

STANDARDS

Length of the field minimum 25x16m, maximum 42x25m.
Ball Size 4, circumference 62–64 cm, weight between 400-440g at the start of the game.

Dropped from a height of 2m, the first rebound must not be lower than 50 cm or more than 65 cm.

Time There are two periods of 20 minutes with time stopping at every dead ball. Between the two periods there is a break of 15 minutes. Each team may use one time-out per half, which lasts one minute. Some lower leagues and tournaments use 24 minute periods with running time.
Number of players There are five players for each team in the field, one of them as goalkeeper, and a maximum number of 12 players that can be used each match. Substitutions are unlimited and on-the-fly.
Fouls All direct free kicks count as accumulated fouls. A direct free kick is awarded for kicking, tripping, charging, jumping, pushing, striking, tackling, holding, spitting, and deliberate handling. Indirect free kicks, such as playing dangerously and impeding, do not count as accumulated fouls. A team is warned by the referee when they commit five accumulated fouls in a half.
Cards A yellow card is shown for unsporting behavior, dissent, time wasting, encroachment, persistent infringement, and illegal subbing. A red card is shown for serious foul play, violent conduct, spitting, denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity, abusive language, and receiving a second yellow. Red carded players are ejected from the game and their team must play short for two minutes or until the other team scores a goal.
Free kicks Taken from the spot of the infringement or on the line of the penalty area nearest the infringement (indirect only). All opponents must be at least 5m away from the ball. The kick must be taken within four seconds or an indirect kick is awarded to the other team.
Kick from the second penalty mark Awarded when a team commits 6 or more accumulated fouls in a half. Second penalty mark is 10m from the goal, opponents must be behind the ball, goalkeeper must be at least 5m away
Penalty kick 6m from the center of the goal for fouls inside the 6m goal keeper’s area.
Goalkeeper When he’s in possession of the ball, the goalkeeper has 4 seconds to get rid of the ball. If taking too long, the referee will give an indirect kick to the other team. The goalkeeper may play freely when in the opponent’s half.
Goalkeeper pass-back restriction Once the goalkeeper has released the ball either by kicking or throwing, the goalkeeper may not touch it again until the ball goes out of play or is touched by an opponent. The sanction for violation is an indirect free kick. The goalkeeper may receive the ball freely when on the opponent’s half
Kick-in A kick-in is used instead of a throw-in. The player must place the ball on the touchline or outside but not more than 25 cm from the place the ball when out of play. The ball must be stationary and the kick-in must be taken within 4 seconds from the time the player is ready. During kick-in, opponents must stand at least 5m from the ball. If four seconds elapses or an illegal kick is taken, the referee will award a kick-in to the other team. It is not allowed to score directly from a kick-in: the goal is valid only if someone else touches the ball before it enters in goal.
Goal clearance A goal clearance is used instead of a goal kick. The goalkeeper must throw the ball with their hands and it must leave the penalty area within four seconds. If goal clearance is taken illegally the goalkeeper may retry, but the referee will not reset the count. If four seconds elapses, the other team gets an indirect kick on the penalty area line.
Corner kick The ball must be placed inside the arc nearest to the point where the ball crossed the goal line and the opponent must stand on field at least 5 m from the corner arch until the ball is in play. The corner kick must be taken within 4 seconds of being ready or else a goal clearance will be awarded to the other team. The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves.
Referees For international matches, there must be two referees: one (first referee) is positioned on the touchline near the timekeeper table and communicates with the timekeeper, while the other (second referee) is in the opposite side of the field. At the timekeeper table there is a timekeeper and a third referee, who controls the teams’ benches.

In minor events, the third referees and the timekeeper are not used.

Source: http://www.futsalcanada.ca

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Futsal#Rules

Take a look at what is the difference between futsal and indoor soccer: http://futsalfreaks.com/difference-between-futsal-and-indoor-soccer